The right to Live
Freedom of Expression
Prohibition of Torture
No one may subjected to torture, or inhuman or degrading punishment or treatment.
Prohibition of Forced Labor
No one may be required to perform forced labor, except in cases of execution of a judicial decision, the performance of military service, or a service that results from any emergency condition or natural disaster that threaten human life or health.
Personal Freedom and Security
Prohibition of Punishment without Law
Presumption of Innocence
Procedural Criminal Guarantees
During the penal proceeding, no one may be deprived of the right:
Luck of Obligation to Accept Guilt
No one may be obligated to testify against himself or to confess his guilt.
The Right to be Heard in Court
No one may by deprived of the right to be heard before being sentenced.
Prohibition of Being Judged Twice for the Same Offense
No one may be prosecuted, tried or punished more than once for the same criminal offence.
The Right to Appeal
Anyone has the right to appeal a judicial decision to a higher court.
The Right to Rehabilitation and Indemnification
Non-Infringement of private Life and Personal Dignity
Invulnerability of the Residence and the Person
Secrecy of Correspondence
The secrecy of correspondence or any other means of private communication may not be infringed, except with a judicial decision to protect the interests of the criminal process or with the approval of the General Prosecutor when this is necessary for national security.
The Electoral Right
The Right to Organize
No one may be deprived of the right to be organized collectively for any lawful purpose.
The Right of Assembly
The Right to Movement
Prohibition of Expulsion and Extradition
Equality before the Law
All are equal before the law, without discrimination of sex, race, religion, ethnicity, language, economic and social conditions, political belief and parentage.
The Rights of National Minorities
The Right to Private Property and Inheritance
The Right to Work
Everyone has the right to earn the means of living by lawful work, to chose a profession, a place of work and his system of professional qualification.
Citizens have the right to join together in labor organizations for the protection of their work interests and social security.
The Right to Strike
The Right to Social Security and Assistance
Marriage and Family
Protection of Children and Women
The Right to Education
Freedom to Create
The Right of Petition
Everyone has the right, to make application to the competent organs, alone or together with others..
Freedom, property of the rights accepted by law may not be infringed without a properly ordered legal proceeding [due process].
The Guarantee of a Fair Trial
Judicial Re-establishment of the Right
No one who has had a right recognized in this Constitution infringed may be deprived of the re-establishing the right in court.
Temporary Limitation of Rights
The exercise of particular rights may be limited temporarily by law in the case of a declaration of war or a state of emergency, except for the rights contemplated by this Constitution in articles 18 (the right to life), 19 (freedom of expression and conscience), 20 and 30/2 (the right to human treatment), 21 (forced labor), 23 (prohibition of punishment without law), 24/1 (presumption of innocence), 26 guarantee against self-incrimination), 40 (equality before the law), 53 (the right to due process), 54 (the right to a fair trial) and article 55 (judicial re-establishment of a right).
Copyright © 2001 -- The HTML version was prepared by IPLS - Institute for Policy & Legal Studies. All rights reserved.